Steroidal glycosides extraction

- Roots considered antiasthmatic and stimulant.
- Leaves considered anodyne.
- Fruit considered cooling, digestive, phlegmatic.

Parts used and preparation
Fruits, roots, leaves, .

Edibility / Nutritional
- Fruit is an excellent vegetable and popular in the rural day-to-day cuisine. It is eaten before it ripens, preferred before the seed hardens.
- Also used in native pickles and curries in India.
- A good source of vitamins A, B, and C.
- A good source of calcium, phosphorus, and iron; carbohydrates and fiber.
- Decoction of roots taken internally for asthma and as a general stimulant.
- Leaves are used for piles.
- The boiled root of the wild plant, mixed with sour milk and grain porridge, has been used for the treatment of syphilis.
- Decoction of roots, dried stalk, and leaves is used for washing sores, exudative surfaces and used as astringent for hemorrhage from the bladder and other hemorrhagic fluxes.
- The juice of leaves used for throat and stomach troubles.
- Juice of the fruit, sometimes with pounded leaves, rubbed on suspected syphilitic eruptions of the hands.
- Fruit considered cooling, and bruised with vinegar
- Chinese and Annamites used the roots for skin diseases.
- The fruit is considered cooling, and bruised with vinegar, is used as a poultice for abscesses and cracked nipples.
- In Taiwan folk medicine, roots are used for rheumatism, inflammation and foot pain.
- Long fruit is phlegmatic and generative of phthisis, coughs, and anorexia.
- The peduncle, incinerated, used in intestinal hemorrhages, piles, and toothache.
- Seeds used as stimulant but may cause dyspepsia and constipation
- In French Guinea, decoction or infusion of leaves is used for stomach troubles and sore throat.
- In India , juice of various plant parts and pulp of fruits of S. melongena and its wild allies used for various ailments: diabetes, otitis, toothaches, cholera, bronchitis, asthma, dysuria, among many others.

Saponin glycosides can cause hemolysis of red blood cells ( Select Triterpenoid and Saponin-Rich Herbs ). This primarily occurs when most saponins are injected intravenously or when they are hyperabsorbed from an abnormal gut. Some saponins have been successfully injected. Normally, saponins are not well absorbed orally, and the slow rate at which they are absorbed is more than sufficient to allow the body to adapt to them. This hemolytic effect does not appear to be related to the detergent properties of saponins but instead seems to be due to increasing cell membrane permeability. Overall, oral saponins appear to be extremely safe.

The following medicines may interact with diclofenac sodium:

  • Blood thinning drugs such as warfarin and phenindione
  • Ciclosporin (used to suppress the body's immune system)
  • Other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain-killer drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Quinolones (used to treat infection . ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin)
  • Aspirin
  • Medicines for high blood pressure (. ACE inhibitors, beta blockers) and water tablets (diuretics)
  • Cardiac glycosides (used to treat heart failure . digoxin)
  • Antidiabetics (medicines used to treat diabetes)
  • Corticosteroids (a type of steroid)
  • Mifepristone (for termination of pregnancy)
  • Rifampicin (used to treat tuberculosis)
  • Voriconazole (used to treat fungal infections)
  • SSRI antidepressant drugs (such as fluoxetine)
  • Antiplatelet drugs such as clopidrogel
  • Tacrolimus (a transplant drug)
  • Methotrexate (an anticancer agent and sometimes used to treat arthritis and the skin condition psoriasis)
  • Lithium (used to treat depression)
  • Venlafaxine (used in depression)
  • Zidovudine (used to treat viral infection HIV)

Steroidal glycosides extraction

steroidal glycosides extraction


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