Jengkol shells (Pithecellobium jiringa) an agricultural waste from typical Indonesian plant has been investigated for its ability to absorb heavy metal ions Cr VI and Cr III . Effect of pH, concentration, contact time, mass and the speed of stirring biosorben studied by extraction method. Concentration of metal ions Cr VI and Cr III was measured using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The optimum conditions for metal ion uptake of Cr VI occurs at pH 4, the concentration of 7000 mg/L, contact time of 60 minutes, g biosorben mass and stirring speed 100 rpm. For the metal ions Cr III wa obtained conditions optimum at pH 5, the concentration of 1500 mg/L, contact time of 60 minutes, g biosorben mass and stirring speed 100 rpm. Functional groups contained in the jengkol shells analyzed by Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR). Data equilibrium uptake of metal ions Cr VI and Cr III by the jengkol shells analyzed using two isotherm models , namely Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models . The absorption of both the metal ions tend to follow the Langmuir isotherm models in which the absorption capacity of metal ions obtained for Cr VI ) and Cr III is mg / g and 39. 0625 mg /g . The optimum condition was applied to study the river Batang Arau at Padang city obtained a capacity of mg/ g with 45 efficiency, 94 % for the uptake of metal ions Cr (total).
Plants gotu kola (Centella Asiatica L .Urban) is a wild plant that efficacious as remedies traditional cure disease tuberculosis (TB).TB is disease contagious infection caused by bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis. Research aims to understand the ability extract methanol leaves gotu kola red and leaves gotu kola green and determines the concentration optimal extract methanol leaves gotu kola red and leaves gotu kola green and to know the comparison between extract methanol leaves gotu kola red with an extract methanol leaves gotu kola green in inhibits the activity of mycobacterium done with the methods maceration use methanol and continued with evaporation until obtained extract viscous .Testing antibacterial activity done in a microscopic observation drug susceptibility ( mods ) use plate petri dish 24 hole with the variation of concentration ie 20%,40%, 60%, 80% and 100%.The results of testing show that extracts methanol leaves gotu kola red and leaves gotu kola green positive capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis with inhibition optimal in concentration 80 % and 100 % characterized by the absence of growth bacteria colonies which are (-) or 0 %.Extract methanol leaves gotu kola green capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis better than extract methanol leaves gotu kola red seen in concentration 40% and 60%.
The results revealed that the antifungal compound succeed isolated in its Substance B form from methanol extract from the interior of the root. Substance B showed the highest level of antifungal activity through inhibiting germination and inhibiting of germination tube growth of Fusarium sp. This was shown by the highest percentage inhibiting of germination (66,67%), and the highest percentage inhibiting of germination tube (66,03%). The inhibition zone of hyphal growth of Ganoderma lucidum macroscopically from the antifungal compound was observed at a concentration of 1800 μg/ml. Microscopically, in the area of contact with the antifungal compound, hyphal curling and distorting of tips took place at a concentration of 1500 μg/ml one day after application of the antifungal compound. Based on the analysis of GC-MS spectra, the antifungal was identified as p-Methoxybenzylidene p aminophenol in the category of phenolic compounds.