In the ., the most common cause (about 75%) of primary adrenal insufficiency in adults is an autoimmune process. It may occur with other autoimmune conditions that affect other glands, such as the thyroid. The rest of the time, Addison disease is due to other causes, such as tuberculosis , a common cause in areas of the world where tuberculosis is more prevalent , other chronic infections, especially fungal infections , bleeding into the adrenal glands ( hemorrhage ) and the spread of cancer into the adrenal glands. Rarely, it may be due to a genetic abnormality of the adrenal glands.
During an illness, a person taking corticosteroids orally may take an adjusted dose to mimic the normal response of the adrenal glands to this stress on the body. Significant fever or injury may require a triple dose. Once the person recovers from the illness, dosing is then returned to regular, pre-illness levels. People with adrenal insufficiency should know how to increase medication during such periods of stress, as advised by their health care provider. Immediate medical attention is needed if severe infections, vomiting, or diarrhea occur. These conditions can lead to an adrenal crisis.
About adrenal gland disorders. (2017, January 31). Retrieved from https:///health/topics/adrenalgland/conditioninfo
Adrenoleukodystrophy. (.). Retrieved from https:///Disorders/All-Disorders/Adrenoleukodystrophy-Information-Page
Adrenal fatigue. (2017, October). Retrieved from https:///diseases-and-conditions/adrenal/adrenal-fatigue
Adrenal gland disorders. (.). Retrieved from https:///
Adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease). (.). Retrieved from https:///knowledge-base/disorders/adrenal-insuffieciency-addison-s-disease
Seaborg, E. (2017, September). Retrieved from https:///myth-adrenal-fatigue/
Ten, S., New, M., & MacLaren, N. (2001, July 1). Addison’s disease 2001. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 86 (7), 2909-2922. Retrieved from https:///jcem/article/86/7/2909/2848183